Parkinson is one of the leading diseases that cause neurodegenerative disorder in humans. This disease is more prevalent in developed nations with over fifty thousand people diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease in the United States alone annually. This disease has no cure however, there are various treatments prescribed to patients meant to minimize the suffering caused by this disease on the patients. The treatments prescribed by the physician can only reduce the symptoms when the patient is closely monitored for any noticeable changes. Scientists have developed keyboard-monitoring technique that can easily detect movement difficulties when the people with Parkinson disease typeset. This article, therefore, explores the use of the keyboard-monitoring technique in the early detection of the symptoms of the Parkinson disease at home.
The development of the keyboard monitoring technique in the detection of Parkinson disease symptoms is one of the major discoveries in epidemiology. This technique can effectively help monitor the progress caused by the disease in patients. These symptoms can be detected with much ease as the patients use computer keyboards in their homes or offices. Early diagnosis of this disease leads to early initiation of treatment that can halt the spread of this disease. Parkinson’s disease is caused by spontaneous loss of the sensory cells in the human brain a condition that leads to low dopamine levels. The signs of Parkinson’s disease include unprecedented motor difficulties, tremors of the body cells, disability, and dementia in more severe cases.
Most of the available clinical methods in the monitoring and detection of this disease require a trained medical doctor to keenly assess the various movements performed by the patient. The fact that these movements need to be monitored by a highly trained medical doctor and need to be undertaken in a hospital is the major drawback of these diagnostic techniques. This is the reason scientists developed the keystroke dynamic monitoring technique that takes note of the time taken by a patient to press and release the keys of a computer keyboard. The motor effects of this disease can, therefore, be easily and effectively monitored in homes. Other studies have revealed that this technique can be used in the diagnosis of the sleep inertia symptoms and difficulties in motor reactions that results from being awoken suddenly.
In the early diagnosis of the Parkinson disease, the computer is installed with the software meant to record the time taken for each press and release of the keyboard button (Sánchez Ferro and José Obeso). Analysis of variations in these movements allows for the detection of Parkinson’s disease in early stages of an infection. This technique also allows for privacy of the patients as the software used cannot monitor words. According to Giancardo, these tests can be done at home and continuously. Furthermore, there is no need of medical personnel for these tests to be done. The computer software for the detection of the Parkinson’s can be installed as a program on the computer, used as a webpage and fitted on the hardware. As Alvaro Sanchez-Ferro noted, the method for early detection of this disease remains elusive due to the slow development of this disease. Therefore, daily monitoring of the patients is necessary if Parkinson’s disease is to be effectively detected and monitored at home.
There are numerous diagnostic methods for Parkinson’s disease; however, the keyboard technique appears to be the best for home detection and monitoring. The fact that this method does not require extraordinary movements makes it suitable for use in homes.